|Empire of Ruthenia|
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All judges of the Supreme Court of Arbitration including the Chairman are nominated by the Basileus and appointed by the Imperial Council. In order to become a judge a person must be at least 35 years old, have legal education and 10 years of experience. Only Ruthene nationals can serve as judges.
The Chairman of the Supreme Court of Arbitration supervises the work of the court. He convenes sessions of the Presidium of the Court and plenary sessions, appoints the Court's employees and guides its work, and represents the Court in governmental offices. the chairman have several deputies.
There are two Boards in the Supreme Court of Arbitration, which supervise decisions of lower courts of arbitration whenever appeal is lodged by a disappointed party. One Board hears cases concerning private law and the other hears cases concerning public law (for example, if a corporation is charged with tax evasion or files for bankruptcy).
The Presidium of the Supreme Court of Arbitration deals with appeals on decisions of lower courts of arbitration which have already entered into force. Only the Prosecutor General of Ruthenia, Chairman of the Supreme Court of Arbitration and his deputies can bring an appeal to the Presidium. When a case is heard in the Presidium, execution of the decision of a lower court may be delayed.
On plenary sessions the Court studies judicial practice and gives recommendations regarding applications by lower courts of particular provisions. In fact, lower courts must apply recommendations of the Supreme Court of Arbitration. The procedural Code of Arbitration provides that the Presidium of the Supreme Court of Arbitration is entitled to reverse a decision of a lower court if it does not follow common judicial practice. Organizational matters are also dealt with on plenary sessions. They must take place at least twice a year.