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Soviet Federation
Medium flag of vietnam
Motto:
Not One Step Back
Anthem:
None
Members
Rules  
 - Resources shared 85%
 - War 70%
 - Eviction 60%
 - Chairman 45%
 - New Rules 60%
Government Democracy
 - Chairman The People's Republic of Malizi  
 - Capital N/A
Events  
 - Formation 2977 
 - Democratization 3010-11 
 - Soviet Charter 3025 
 - Red October 3047-48 
 - AQT 3055-3243 
 - First Constitution 3137 
 - Second Constitution 3284 
 - Third Constitution 3500 
 - Fourth Constitution 3615 
Population  
 - Total 334 Million (3028)

962 Million (3131)

880 Million (3305)

674 Million (3542)

919 Million (3640)  

Army  
 - Total Secret  
 - Percentage Approx. 5.5%  
Production  
 - Total SC$985,823,230,675,300 
 - Production per capita SC$N/A 
Nominal Value US$N/A
URL Soviet Federation in Simcountry.
Founded by the USSR

The Soviet Federation is the largest and most active federation on the planet Kebir Blue, currently enjoying a membership of more than twenty active countries. It was established in 2977 as an autocratic defensive organisation, but evolved into a fully democratic union for seven centuries. In 3705 the federation passed legislation abolishing democracy and returend to autocracy. Since 3750, the organisation has been led by the Peoples Republic of Malizi . The federal capital has been non-existent since 3747. It is affiliated with the common market SovECON/UniSov World Trade.

History

While the history of the Soviet Federation can be broken into seven sections, "The Directorate" (2977-3011), "The Confederacy" (3011-3137), "The Centralem" (3137-3251), "The Provisional Government" (3251-3284), "The League" (3284-3500), "The Duplex" (3500-3615), and finally "The Concord" (3615-present) there are many significant periods within each, characterised by other major political, economic, and social conditions.

Initial History (2977 - 3010)

Created in the late 2970s by Stalin, the Soviet Federation is designed to bring together various members from around Kebir Blue to form a solid defensive bloc, economic stability, and a place to discuss socialism. As the leader of the USSR, Stalin hoped to unite various socialist states across the planet, but initially focused in building up a base in his home region of Eridana. Initially there was no clear enemy from which member states were seeking refuge, but by the turn of the 31st century it became clear that the Protectorate and the Soviet Federation were the two most influential powers on the planet. After more than a decade as the chairman of the organisation, Stalin appealed to long-time member Spek to take over the position, which took place in 2991. Vanqar Soviet Republic, a province of the United Autonomous Republics, brought the size of the Federation up significantly and, in cooperation with the former IND Commonwealth, created a new common market which has contributed to steady growth and further integration.

In 2992, the flag pictured above was adopted as the official ensign for the Soviet Federation. The lone star is said to represent the Soviet Federation as the sole protector of socialist and communist ideals on Kebir Blue. Spek, upon unveiling the new flag, remarked that "this simple image will unite our members in our struggle against imperialism and capitalism. Let us not forget our common cause as Soviets!"

During this period, Qavran was selected as the capital of the federation, and spectacular capital buildings were constructed in the centre of the city at the end of 2995. Spek's focus throughout the last decade of his leadership was to expand the role of the member state in the wider affairs of the federation, eventually through opening free and fair elections and many new political posts.

Reform and Expansion (3010 - 3030)

In 3010, Spek introduced a process of demoncratisation that took about two decades to entrench. That year, he also announced his decision to step down as the leader of the federation, hoping to bring in the talents of another burgeoning leader, Ringo, who is the leader of the United Soviet Empire. In 3010 an election campaign between the Soviet Empire of the Leaf and the People's Republic of Rezalan resulted in a 6-4 victory for Ringo. In January 3011, Ringo began a 7 year term as chairman. {C}Since then, the growth of the common market increased modestly as many of the members of the Federation are members of other common markets and cannot break their existing contracts.

Membership worked very hard to try to recruit new nations, but in general there were few good candidates that matched the practical and ideological criteria. Ringo's term helped to solidify the positive economic trajectory and expand the defensive union, and saw a significant rise in the number of corporations that have been effectively established. Ringo's leadership has been identified primarily as one of economic restructuring, and has been reviewed positively by all federation members. At the end of his term in 3018, he declined to run for re-election, leaving the race between the Socialist Union of Farr and People's Republic of Rezalan.

In 3020 Ms Emily led an initiative to adopt a short official motto, suggesting "We, the vanguard for socialism, will smash oppression. NOT ONE STEP BACKWARDS." A vote in 3020 accepted the new slogan. Concurrently, overtures were made between the Farr and Democratic Republic of Plato of the United Alliance of Independent States. A merger, which was expected to take place before the 3025 election, was finalised in 3020 when the members of the UAIS formally joined the Soviet Federation. During Farr's leadership, the Spek of the UAR tabled a Charter of the Soviet Federation, which was approved in a referendum in 3025.

In 3025, Devlin was acclaimed as chairman of the federation for a seven-year term. During his term, the federation focused on the formation of an executive committee, with various referenda creating and filling new posts. Several new member states also joined the federation during this period. Although only in power for five years, Devlin made significant changes to the federation's political structure. In 3030, Keppy of the Democratic Republic of Damstu has began leading the organisation.

First Keppian Era (3030 - 3048)

Following her 3030 victory, her first act under was the merger with the Azurnereich Federation, bringing the Soviet Federation membership count up to 23. Following this, referenda were carried out to finish the Executive Committee and to form a new organ of government, the Parliament of the Soviet Federation. In 3035 the first session of parliament was carried out, with five members in attendance.

Following the flurry of activity in the early 3030s, Keppy was reelected after narrowly defeating two opponents. In the next few years, the federation "cooled down" so that members could focus on domestic issues. With the federation capped out at 25 members in 3037, the focus turned to what to do next. A decision was deferred by parliament until the next session in the 3040s. However, an unexpected war declaration in the summer of 3038 resulted in an emergency parliament held in September. Discussions surrounding the Republic of Chelonia and alleged connections to the Protectorate were brought to the fore. In the decades since minimal information is public due to its sensitivity, though eventually Chelonia was evicted from the federation.

In 3041 Keppy was reelected for an unprecedented third term. She ran on a platform that was dedicated to working closely with the membership on a variety of issues. Her first statement after reelection was that she would not consider running for a fourth term; however, she stated her intent to take the full limit, giving her a total of 18 consecutive years as chairperson.

Keppy presided over the referenda on the great expulsion of 3045, the removal of several inactive members of the federation. In 3047, just before the General Election, Keppy announced the creation of the Soviet Service Star, a medal to commemorate leaders who express bravery, innovation, and dedication to the proliferation of socialism. Her terms are viewed as remarkably positive by the general public of the federation. As leader, she brought about both stability and progress, justifying her 87 per cent approval ratings.

Red October (3047 - 3048)

The 3047 election was the most hotly contested vote in Soviet Federation history. Soviet Socialist Chiava, which won 52.3 per cent of the vote, narrowly defeated Wisconsin.

On 7 October peaceful demonstrations spontaneously erupted in major cities across Azurnereich, supporting the government's position in selecting Chiava as the new chairperson. On the same day, a crowd of nearly 600 000 gathered in Qavran, the capital of the United Autonomous Republics and the Soviet Federation. Unlike the outward show of support in Azurnereich, the protesters in Qavran were actively demanding the right to popularly elect the chairperson.

In December tens of thousands of citizens of Michigan, a former member of the United Socialist States of America, expressed their support for Wisconsin, but were met with violence from the revolutionary government. In response to the crackdown, Wisconsin opened borders and prepared an expeditionary force. The smallest demonstration, which took place in the Democratic Republic of Damstu, numbered about 1200 and was met with an open dialogue with the Supreme Soviet, broadcasted live on the Damstu National Broadcast Commission. As a result, the population was asked to make the selection for chairperson, with 62.7 per cent in favour of Wisconsin.

The whole series of events was later termed "Red October" by Spek, even though the demonstrations lasted in various forms from October to February. As a result, Spek tabled a working proposal on electoral reform. While no attention was given to this during John's term, the election of Devlin in 3053 marked a significant turn for this and other initiatives, with the introduction of "Mixed Proportional Performance System". This is designed to allow for a certain number of votes to be granted to a president based on a predetermined formula. The system, which was collaboratively developed by Azurnereich, the UAR, New Republic of Wisconsin, and People's Republic of Rezalan, was endorsed by all members of the federation before a vote in 3057. The first elections to carry this system were in 3060.

Great Divide (3048 - 3083)

The more than three decades between Keppy's first and second tenures was very troubled, termed by Spek the "Democratic Arms Race" and the "Great Divide" by Keppy and Devlin. Progress slowed significantly during this period as the focus of politics centred on a growing rift between two heavyweights in the federation, Wisconsin and Chiawa. Nonetheless, some important changes were instituted during this turbulent time.

Devlin's first act was to reduce waste by merging the Burinform and the Dipliais in 3055, and attention moved swiftly toward revamping democracy in the Soviet Federation. Electoral reform change was endorsed by a wide majority of presidents, and has become well-integrated into the federation system in the decades since 3060.

One of John's main ideas was to develop space capacities and to implement military restructuring. His short term in office proved to be very colourful, with a significant amount of participation, though much of it mired in divisive politics. While John presented many powerful ideas, many did not receive him well personally. Nonetheless, he was able to start many key conversations that will undoubtedly produce marked changes in the future of the federation. Perhaps his greatest legacy, though completed after his term ended, was the negotiations of an intergalatic peace treaty. A major initiative during the later 3040s and early 3050s was the procurement of an alliance with federations on other planets. In 3048 Spek was approached by the White Giant federation NATO. Talks began quickly, with a strategic agreement drafted within 5 years. In 3054 the federation membership voted on the agreements, aptly termed the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac. Negotiations were ongoing to find a third party from either Golden Rainbow or Little Upsilon, a development which sadly never materialised.

In 3060 an election was held which brought Soviet Socialist Chiawa back to the position as chair. After four brief years in office, he asked to be reelected, but was defeated by Wisconsin in another closely contested race. Many presidents who voted for Wisconsin contended that John was "resting on his laurels" rather than trying to bring new and fresh ideas to the table. As for Wisconsin, his platform was brief and relatively unclear, but he was able to bring some unity to the position. One of his first acts as chair was to remove several of the inactive members. From there, discussions centred around two major ideas: the selection of a new federation capital; and ways of encouraging more activity and growth. A referendum was held in 3065 which selected Valhalla, Azurnereich as the new capital.

In the middle of Wisconsin's term, in the fall of 3068, a telegram surfaced from the recently departed Kaput Republic. Aptly termed the Kaput Telegram, it sparked a serious and contentious feud between Wisconsin and Chiawa, which took twelve years to resolve. The Kaput Incident fuelled charges for constitutional reform, which are underway. As part of the tentative agreement struck in the fall of 3068, Wisconsin announced his intention to not seek another term, opening the door for Soviet Empire of the Leaf to be elected in a rare four-way election in 3069.

During Ringo's term, the UAR engaged in negotiations with the United Imperial Democracy, a small federation, resulting in its acquisition by the Soviet Federation. This took place formally in 3072. Many federation members, particularly the Azurnereich Empire and the UAR, spent a lot of time organising the centennial celebrations for 3077. The events were mammoth, with parades, military exercises, informal local debates, music, and a synchronized fireworks show live from both Qavran and Valhalla. In 3081 Keppy created a new medal, the FHM, to commemorate 100 years of dedicated service to the federation's veteran, Vanqar Soviet Republic. This coincided with a mammoth announcement from Spek that in July of that year the UAR went nuclear.

By the start of the 3080s it was clear that the Soviet Federation was now back on track. A referendum was held in 3081 to make a decision about secret ballots for elections, just in time for the 3083 election for chair. The motion passed, by a very slim margin. At the same time, a merger was negotiated between Ringo and the leader of the Union of Allied States, a smaller federation. At the time of acquisition, the Soviet Federation complex contained 28 nations.

Dispute Resolution (3075 - 3078)

Concurrently, attention was focused on the out of control situation between Chiawa and Wisconsin. 3071 saw the creation of the IRComm, or Internal Reviews Committee, which investigated the rift. All three of the accused were allowed to pick a representative, and another was chosen by secret ballot. The four judges took three years of intense labour to produce a ruling, which was accepted by the entire federation.

In 3075 it produced a document titled, "The Kaput Incident and Related Events". The contents of the document are classified and not to be released, but it is widely known that it led to the expulsion of Soviet Socialist Chiawa from the Soviet Federation in 3078. The document did not recommend that John be kicked out, but it did declare that a referendum was required to be held. He was ejected by a vote of 11 to 6. Since John was the Finance Executive at the time, an election was held which brought the People's Republic of Rezalan to the position. Smaller penalties were levied against Wisconsin as well as Ms. Emily of Socialist Union of Farr.

Although John was evicted from the Soviet Federation, Keppy invited him back in 3085 when she became chair. This gesture was emblematic of the spirit of the IRComm report in not making a recommendation for Chiawa's expulsion.

Second Keppian Era (3084 - 3100)

In 3083 Ms Keppy won by a very narrow margin against Westam. This was her fourth term as chair, and also marked a return to politics for her, having never served as an executive in any other capacity. Her campaign was relatively simple, but resonated with most voters. Her competitors were Zach, who agreed with most of Keppy's revolutionary new policies, and Ms. Emily, who caused controversy by taking an unpopular stance on minimising military funding and restructuring of the executive. While the race was close between Zach and Ms. Keppy, Ms. Emily won a meagre 21 per cent of the vote.

The first act that Ms. Keppy made in office was to limit the penalties given to Wisconsin. In fact, the 3085 executive committee included Wisconsin. This new executive was unprecedented. Where normally turnover in the organisation was due to departures, Ms. Keppy brought in a new strategy. The primary focus was bringing in new talent; however, another motivating factor was to rotate members and prevent stagnation. In fact, three new members were added to the cabinent in 3085: New Republic of Wisconsin, Soviet Republic of Westam, and the Communist State of Kinsek, interestingly, these three states would go on to be the next three chairs of the federation.

The 3088 Election was framed by a single issue, and the membership was divided. Ultimately Keppy was reelected, but the margin was less than 2 per cent. The second term was dominated by intense diplomatic issues, much of which were expounded in the early 3090s, leading to her reelection in 3094. The first issue that came to the fore was the renewing of the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac, which was formalised in 3097. Moving toward restructuring the executive became a key imperative, but the new constitution was delayed by the Democratic Republic of Plato. In 3098 upon her nation's 100th anniversary, Keppy declared that she would not be seeking another term.

From Recession to Reform (3101 - 3137)

The transfer of power between Keppy and the new leader, Philip, took place on New Year's Eve in New Madison, which had recently been declared the new capital of the Soviet Federation by Keppy. While Philip was elected on a platform of reinvigoration, he became ill in 3105, leading him to decide that he would not run for a second term. During Philip's term as chair, he focused on attempting to balance some of the economic problems in the SovECON. Many countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Plato, Wisconsin, the UAR, Soviet Socialist Chiawa, and Rezalan were experiencing protracted depression and came out of them during this period.

In 3107 Wisconsin was elected chair for a second term (having served in the late 3060s). Upon assuming the position he had to vacate his post as Dipliais, leaving the position to Devlin. Immediately thereafter discussions about future alliances were brought to the fore. While in this term a motion managed to pass regarding opening a channel with rival federation, the Protectorate, nothing ultimately became of this. Until the decline of the federation in the 3170s, a rather hostile relationship continued.

In 3114 Westam was brought into office in the aspiration that he will work with census and finance to resolve the economic crises that span the federation. Unfortunately, he spent much of his time as chair abroad on missions attempting to build diplomatic ties. Many domestic problems were left to the rest of the executive, often without adequate direction.

The People's Republic of Rezalan was elected chair in 3126 on a reform platform, notably the introduction of economic regulations. Upon assuming office in the summer, Dave immediately changed up the executive and the IRComm, bringing in some new talent including Vladehorn of Aquitania and the New Soviet Union. Following the release of a long list of economic recommendations, a vote took place to create a new body, the Soviet Federation Regulatory Finance System, based off a speech delivered in Orwell, Democratic Republic of Plato. In 3130 the Soviet membership voted on a creating a joint parliamentary session, the Interfederation Congress. This proposal was controversial, but managed to pass referenda in both federations, marking the importance of the relationship between the Soviet Federation and NATO on White Giant.. The next year a proposal to dismantle the SovECON (initially brought forth by the Socialist Union of Farr) was shot down by general membership before making it to voting. Instead, Keppy suggested reframing the question to hold a summit on the future of the common market, a measure which was widely supported. Since Dave did not desire a second term in office, he left the matter of the new Soviet Constitution to the next president.

In 3133 Devlin was elected to a third term as president. He campaigned on a promise to bring into effect the new Soviet Constitution, a document which he had authored during the 3120s. Upon being elected, the first item undertaking was to hold the first Interfederation Congress, which was a huge success. Immediately thereafter, talks began regarding the implementation of the constitution, ultimately resulting in the collapse of the Confederacy in October 3137. It was replaced by a far more centralised government and the introduction of party politics to the federation for the first time.

Reshaping Democracy (3137 - 3182)

After the passing of the Constitution in May of 3137, political parties were formed in the Soviet Federation for the first time in its history. The first organisation to be created was le Front Solidaire, formed by many leading activists, politicians, and intellectuals in Qavran, UAR. In July Azurnereich's governing party created a carbon copy at the federation level. Called the Federation Social Democratic Party, this organisation is quite leftist in its leaning and geared towards high-tech economies. In September Devlin and Dave co-founded the Clann na Poblachta, a party based on social cohesion and the ideology of populism. Right before the election the New Republic of Wisconsin established a fourth party, the Soviet Economic and Military Alliance.

Le Front Solidaire won the first election in October 3137 with about 30 per cent of the vote. Spek's major accomplishment was to gain consensus on renewing the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac. However, he was unable to name Orwell as the permanent capital of the Soviet Federation. Spek, facing some critical problems in his own republic, KSSR, decided not to aim for a second term, giving the nomination of his party to Dave of Rezalan for the 3144 General Election.

In the fall of 3144 Azurnereich's Federation Social Democratic Party was elected to a minority mandate in the Soviet Parliament. Within the first year of Doug's leadership he managed to establish a unity government, with all parties participating in the cabinet. In 3147 the economy on Kebir Blue experienced a minor recession. Combined with the financial problems of the UAR, Jadir Soviet Republic declared independence from the confederation in September, being granted permission to leave the UAR immediately. Kadran Surfax Soviet Republic followed suit in November. Many other economies, such as Rezalan, Wisconsin, and Azurnereich, experienced damaging downturns. As such, the cabinet convened to talk about managing the crisis.

While the FSDP was elected to a second mandate, a new party, the United Revolutionaries, initiated a vote of no confidence in late 3053, causing the government to fall. Another election in 3054 resulted in a minority government for the CNP. During this period talks began with a friendly federation and the topic quickly turned to a merger. In that situation, the Front Solidaire sought to consolidate political parties in order to make space for the new ones that would inevitably be produced through interfederation unity. In 3160 the Front Solidaire merged with both the United Revolutionaries and the Communists of the Federation. Although the merger ultimately fell through, the party merger lasted. The end of the era of Reshaping Democracy occurred in 3160 with the first ever majority government. In 3060 the first ever majority government was elected in the Centralem. The amalgamation of the Front Solidaire and the relative collapse in support of the FSDP and the CNP created a runaway situation for Zach. Winning over 50 per cent of the vote, the Soviet Republic of Westam became premier with the strongest mandate in the Soviet Parliamentary history. During his five years as premier, Zach introduced legislation creating a new unified census department, though it soon became unclear how this would be managed. Moreover, he was unable to pass the unpopular bill about cutting ties NATO. Many FS representatives opposed the idea and voted against the party line. In 3165 he was not reelected, in what has been the closest election of all time in the Soviet Federation.

Instead, the CNP returned to leadership, this time under a weak mandate from People's Republic of Rezalan leader, Dave. Despite his weak position, Dave moved forth with his agenda as a minority government. His first motion was largely non-partisan - to bring back the use of open ballots in general elections - and it succeeded. Following this, he moved to establish, in 3170, a special commission for the bicentennial of the Soviet Federation. This item, too, managed to pass successfully. Dave's six years in office offered hope that minority governments were capable, through hard work and cooperation, of achieving greatness. In 3172 the Front Solidaire was elected under Ms Emily, though the government polarised public opinion on frequent occasions. A vote of no confidence in the winter of 3175 brought the government down.

Perhaps the most significant election in the history of the Soviet Federation, the 3175 election centred around the role and shape of Soviet democracy. With the collapse in support of the FS, the CNP and the Social Democratic Party finally came to distinguish themselves more effectively from one another. In a debate hosted in Adanac, the three party leaders articulated their platforms before the contentious vote. Ms. Emily surprised everyone with her performance, and much to everyone's amazement, the FS came in second place in the election.

Doug's FSDP was elected and established a coalition government with the CNP under original party leader, Democratic Republic of Plato. Initially the focus of the government was on celebrating the bicentennial of the federation. Spek's historical commission conducted polls on the society and politics, concluding that the most exciting period in Soviet Federation history was indeed the Great Divide (3048-3083). Following the massive celebrations, attention was again shifted to running the federation. The FSDP/CNP coalition concerned itself primarily with reform to political structures, much to the dismay of the FS, which lobbied unsuccessfully against the government. In 3081 a special cabinet meeting was held in Valhalla, Azurnereich to discuss the future of Soviet governance.

In addition to exciting development within the Soviet Federation, news broke that longtime enemy and rival federation, the Protectorate, was crumbling. This came as great news to Soviet citizens across Kebir Blue many of whom were excited that this lined up with the 200th anniversary since the founding of the Soviet Federation. While the Protectorate still exists, it has lost its leadership and the organisation's economic and political influence has disappeared.

Occupy Adanac (3157 - 3158)

On 27 July demonstrators from across Kebir Blue met in Adanac, the new capital of the Soviet Federation. Protestors took to the streets demanding economic reform, and would soon be termed Occupy Adanac. While the economic reforms of the 3120s proved to be very successful, many states began experiencing the worst financial crises they've ever seen. A famous newspaper article from the Damstu daily, The Revolutionary, stated: "the economy of the UAR was so badly damaged that two of the countries seceded from the union. In Damstu the economy has never entered a recession and now losses are in excess of $15B per month. This is entirely unsustainable".

Many members of the Damstu asked for federation action. Within a matter of days, members from the international community arrived. "Delegates" of several countries across the federation arrived, mainly from the Democratic Republic of Plato, Fuso Soviet Empire, USE, and the Socialist Union of Farr. During the first two weeks of the conflict the majority of the demonstrations occurred in the Old Port, the Fairfax District, and in the Radvol Quarter. A police crackdown on 10 August caused nearly 200 casualties and more than a thousand citizens of various countries were arrested. In response, the demonstrators entrenched, setting up what they termed "permanent encampments" in East Adanac. In addition to setting up temporary structures, the demonstrators occupied Tower 98 in Soviet Square. From inside the building the group conducted its logistics.

In response to the brutality, the police commissioner was removed from her post in the first week of September, and the city came under the direct management of the government of the Democratic Republic of Damstu. Adanac's new "Management Task Force" initially handled the situation by staying to the sidelines, opting for a series of informal negotiations between occupiers and the state during the fall of 3157. While demonstrations reached an apex in February with about six hundred thousand participants, the movement ultimately proved successful when the government of the federation met with Occupy Adanac, promising to solve economic problems.

Stability under Blackwatch (3182 - 3207)

Attempts by the FSDP and the CNP to change the political structures of the federation, though well-intentioned, failed to gather steam in the federation during the late 3170s. Since 3137 many complaints had surfaced that the political structures were slow and not conducive to change. This argument was essentially laid to rest with the election of Blackwatch as leader of the FS in 3182.

In that election, both the FSDP and the CNP were rejected in a rare five-way election, finishing in third and fourth place respectively. The FS, which dissolved its merger with the UR and the CF, managed to win an astoundingly strong mandate under Tony's Blackwatch. Tony formed a coalition government with second-place finisher Ms Emily of the New Democratic Party. Following a cabinet meeting, the new government set out three key areas which it intended to address in turn: economic performance, the NATO alliance, and defending the political system. On all three the fronts the coalition was successful, managing to establish a firm understanding of where the federation's priorities lie.

Despite some challenges to moving legislation, Blackwatch's leadership was viewed largely as the first part of a lager success story. In the winter of 3190, le Front Solidaire again won the largest share of the vote, ultimately forming the second ever majority government in the Centralem's history. In an unexpected move, Devlin dissolved the Clann na Poblachta claiming that the party was no longer relevant to federation politics. In addition, Devlin decided to take a break from politics at the federation level in order that he could focus on his growing country, Federal States of Plato. During this second term, three motions were successful in parliament - selecting a new capital, establishing a special committee, and renewing the alliance with NATO. The only motion that failed was a private member's initiative brought forward by the UAR concerning the declassification of the IRComm reports from 3075.

In 3196 the Front Solidaire was elected for an unprecedented third term. Running on a similar platform, but now seriously considering constitutional amendments, Tony was reelected, albeit with a minority mandate this time. The FS formed a minority government, counting on support from the NDP. Ms Emily, NDP leader, refused to form government with the FS stating that "so long as the FS wants to alter the constitution of 3137, we will not form a coalition". Several items were debated during this term, with very high levels of democratic activity across the federation. The aforementioned bill to increase the maximum allowable term length of government from seven to ten years produced serious controversy, ultimately resulting in an exceptionally close vote. It was a requirement of the legislature to produce a two-thirds majority, which they failed to attain - 43 per cent of Soviet citizens voted down the proposal, and in a ceremonial vote in Soviet Parliament, the motion failed to attain the 50 per cent threshold. Before his term ended, he introduced an item from Ms. Emily regarding fixed Interfederation Congress (ICP) dates. The motion easily passed, but caused some commotion within NATO regarding just how close each meeting should be. The compromise was ten years. Before the next election, a conference held between the United Autonomous Republics and the Socialist Union of Farr resulted in the creation of the first sports organisation in the Soviet Federation - the Soviet Federation Hockey Association.

In 3202 Blackwatch was re-elected to a majority mandate. With control over more than half the seats in Parliament, the Front Solidaire was almost unopposed by the FSDP and the Communists. The NDP, however, held a third of the popular vote and remained a critic of FS policy. It soon became clear that Tony's last term as premier would be devoted to coming up with electoral reforms that would give small states a better chance at determining Soviet policy. This was articulated in the 3202 Platform of the Front Solidaire, but many presidents who supported the FS, namely People's Republic of Rezalan and United Autonomous Republics, did so with the caveat that no reforms be made without thorough consultation. Upon assuming office, Tony passed a motion to hold a summit on electoral reform. A similar bill failed decades earlier, but this time it passed. This occurred despite much vocal resistance from Azurnereich, Rezalan, and the Federal States of Plato. In 3205 delegates from almost every member state of the Soviet Federation attended the meeting to discuss how best to remedy the situation. This followed tense diplomatic relations between Doug and Tony, including the severing of trade ties, the closure of embassies, and threats of violence.

The Long 33rd Century (3207 - 3284)

In the fall of 3207 Blackwatch's fourth term as Premier of the Soviet Federation ended, and his legacy was remembered in small impromptu ceremonies across Kebir Blue. The political climate changed dramatically following Tony's departure. Not only was the FS now led by a new state - Starayan Republic, but the Communists of the Federation collapsed a new political movement emerged, CivMUS, which was led by Devlin. The summit on electoral reform held just two years before the elections did not produce a clear policy, as Tony had expected. Instead, each party adopted a different approach in their platform, hoping to forge policy post-election.

The election of 3207 resulted in a dramatic deadlock, with no feasible coalition able to run the federation. Although Doug's FSDP managed to win the largest share of the vote, his government collapsed shortly thereafter. Likewise, Ms Emily, who won the next election, failed to make good on her promise to come to a conclusion on electoral reform. As a result, the 3214 election ended with a victory from a new party, CivMUS. Expectations were high for CivMUS to perform, though during the term political turmoil in NATO dominated the federation's time. Le Front Solidaire returned to leadership under United Autonomous Republics in 3221. Spek, like his forerunners, was faced with numerous challenges simultaneously. His major focus was to build a strong tripartite agreement with the International Revolutionary Protectorate on White Giant, which proved to be highly contentious. At the same time, he had domestic issues that he felt were particularly important, namely regulating free speech in the federation and bringing in new talent.

Ultimately, the talks on both items failed to produce legislation. In 3226 Spek called an election and narrowly lost to the newly formed Labour Party. The election resulted in a minority government, one that had some new agenda items. Spek continued to press the government to produce legislation on the aforementioned items.

The Labour Party under Devlin quickly introduced a bill to create Soviet Common Law for the whole Federation. It was passed with support from FS. Despite some success on the political front, significant problems with participation and finance persisted. Labour was ousted in the next election, and Spek pushed an agenda of loosening ties with NATO in order to pursue other relationships, such as the IRP, The Unique, and the Kysosivonian Pact. Despite his best efforts, Spek was unable to secure ties, and the relations eventually broke down. As a result, Spek announced his retirement from federation-level politics, and the Front Solidaire, the leading party of the federation, collapsed in 3242. The United Autonomous Republics collapsed a decade later in 3253 when Spek dissolved the union between Mirabel Soviet Republic and Vanqar Soviet Republic. Spek, who voluntarily left his country, disappeared shortly thereafter when he ventured into the Protectorate of North Rezalan to presumably fight against its capitalist government.

Labour's next government, a coalition supported by the New Democratic Party, managed to introduce the rest of Devlin's agenda from the 3230s. A new enterprise, the Soviet Economic Bureau, was formed in order to build new corporations through the federation. Devlin also passed some other pieces of legislation, though an attempt to lengthen the term of premier was rejected by the NPD and the Independents. The next election, in 3248 prompted serious change.

Upon being elected, Ms Emily of the NDP declared that she desired an end to The Centralem. In 3251 the Centralem was abolished, and a provisional government was established to aid in achieving a peaceful democratic transition to the next era. The government, which was revolutionary in its composition, served to take input from Soviet citizens and the leaders of member states. Ms Emily and Devlin acted as co-leaders. In 3265 a referendum was held to test whether or not the system was deemed functional. The referendum passed in two-thirds of the member states, indicating that there was indeed confidence in the provisional government. Drafting the constitution proved to be exceptionally challenging as finding consensus became very difficult. In the late 3260s earthquakes hit several federation members, inflicting serious damage and slowing the process of securing a new government. Several executive meetings were cancelled, one in 3268 and another in 3270.

In 3274 Devlin produced a new draft of the Constitution of the Soviet Federation. After some debate, it became clear that the Soviet Federation would indeed move forward. However, this took signficantly longer than expected, and in May 3277, just after the 300th anniversary of the federation, a special meeting took place in Auir, capital of the Soviet Empire of the Leaf. There the leader of the Starayan Republic, Lego, burst in with armed security agents and delivered a surprise speech in which he declared: "let us not turn to violence, but to a strong, centralised government, the kind originally set up by Stalin 300 years ago in 2977". Following the rousing speech, the security agents surrendered their weapons and were escorted out of the hall and expelled from the country. After returning to Staraya, Lego asked the membership of the Soviet Federation on whether or not he should be elected the new premier. He was narrowly approved by the membership, with 53 per cent support. He pleaded with Tony to become his co-premier, which occurred shortly after being elected. In their short mandate Lego and Tony fought off charges that the government was illegitimate (launched a coup d'etat) by emphasizing that his sole goal was to push through the constitution and develop the next period of Soviet history. They achieved this at the 3282 Summit where the constitution was passed 10-0 by the provisional government. According to their promises, Lego and Tony stepped down in March 3284 alon with Electoral General Ms Keppy. The change in regime was absolute, since no position carried over from the provisional government.

Rediscovery (3284 - 3348)

Tony was elected as the first Premier of the League in 3284. Tony managed to defeat both Devlin and Ms Emily who had spent 35 years leading the federation as co-leaders from 3242 to 3277. He named Ms Emily as his foreign affairs advisor and declined the formation of a larger cabinet. Instead, he focused on creating the supreme court and building a stronger economy. He named both Emily and Keppy to the posts of Arbitrators-General and passed a measure allowing the federal government to publicly release economic data in order to pressure member states into fixing their economies. This bill, known as P.E.P.A, was rather controversial, and in 3294, Tony announced his intention to not seek a second term as premier. Meanwhile, a grassroots organisation, called the Soviet Metropolitan Friendship Exchange (or SMFE) was established in 3290, eventually promoting an officially-recognised link between Montreuil, in the Socialist Union of Farr, and Daverby, in the Starayan Republic. Several other countries eventually joined the agreement. In the mid-3290s Tony's attempt to force some expulsions from the federation was defeated, compounding his decision to step aside for 3296. Devlin won the election and immediately changed his focus to one of a strong centralised government, famously remarking that we wasn't "going to make it a secret" that the federation will be run in an authoritarian fashion. Economic reform was high on Devlin's priority list, though it was different from Tony's project of P.E.P.A. During this time Soviet Enterprises was set up. Attempts to fill the Soviet Supreme Court ultimately proved to be unsuccessful, and at the end of Devlin's term Ms Emily retired from the organisation in order to run for premier.

Ms Emily was elected in a landslide victory in 3308 even though she failed to launch a proper campaign. She easily defeated two opponents, and made quick work implementing her agenda. She started by first naming Arbitrators-General, selecting Jack and Arif. In 3310 Coastal Rock held a referendum on whether or not they aimed to stay in the federation, with 46 per cent of citizens voting for joining the Unique. After announcing that his country would indeed remain in the federation, Tony was also named to the Supreme Court, along with Jack from Alma. In 3310 Doug was reported missing during a skirmish on the Azurni border. Reports indicated that may have been captured by foreign forces, but his body was later found. Details of his death were not published, and within two months, all of Azurnereich was launched into sectarian violence. The four territories of Azurnereich were released from the Soviet Federation in the fall of 3310. Most of 3311 was spent celebrating the "three hundredth anniversary of the democratisation of the Soviet Federation". Emily, as Premier, remained oddly silent about the process, though many other countries, notably the Volusian Confederacy, the United Soviet Empire, and the Federal States of Plato marked the anniversary with much fanfare. Discussions about selecting a new capital of the Soviet Federation opened in 3317, ultimately leading Emily to propose that the capital be moved to Petrograd, Staraya in 3325 after it remained in the USE for 130 years. She also incorporated the Snow Empire into the Soviet Federation during this time.

While Emily had declared that she would run for another term in 3320, she ultimately stepped aside in favour of her former Vice Premier, Andrew of the Socialist Union of Maldka. He faced several challengers, with the topic of Sri Kembangan being a significant election controversy. Once elected, Andrew appointed a strong cabinet and began the arduous process of recruiting new Soviet members. He found five member states that were eager to join, all coming to the federation between 3321 and 3325. In 3323 Tony applied to Andrew to allow the ministry of Finance to expand its influence and support on the federation by creating documents that every nation could use as a reference. Tony vowed it would be a success and Andrew fully backed the idea.

The federation was progressing well, when suddenly Andrew fell ill in the summer of 3324. Initially he was unable to hold meetings but continued to run the federation. However, within a few months he was virtually incapacitated. In the fall he opted to appoint his Vice Premier, Emily, as the new leader of the government. Emily was skeptical, and she insisted that she only be interim leader. Andrew insisted that Emily take over, and he signed his permanent resignation as Premier in November. Emily was effectively the leader, but it was unclear what her roles were. As she attempted to figure it out, she and Keppy began a political battle over the interpretation of the Second Soviet Constitution. The discussions escalated rapidly, and despite some private meetings, there was little progress on de-escalating the tension. In 3325 the Soviet Federation went to the polls again. Tony won the 3325 election on the second ballot, defeating Keppy who had won the first ballot. He appointed Keppy to his cabinet, which was an excellent way to bridge the gap. Lego turned down participation in the cabinet, citing his desire to maintain closely tied to the Supreme Court and not to the executive. During this period, Sri Kembangan remained a serious matter of contention. Tony, who maintained that this state represented a threat, worked toward petitioning the Security Council members from Kebir Blue to introduce a formal boycott. During this time, the focus shifted away from domestic affairs, and no new members were actively sought out. Tony was reelected in 3337 and spent his second term continuing to implement his platform, the SMTO figuring greatly in this.

In 3344, the Volusian Confederacy faced a significant unity crisis. Sovereigntists in East Volusia began to demand "deconfederation" calling citizens to the streets in protest. Keppy responded with condemnation as the movement grew and brought Amir, the capital of the former People's Republic of Rezalan to an absolute standstill within mere weeks. The confederation remained intact and, through negotiation, reached a compromise solution that allowed for more local governance while still keeping the federal apparatus.

SK Investigation (3314 - 3315)

In 3211 allegations surfaced that Sri Kembangan was involved in illicit activities, nominally as a spy. The allegations were pressed from several member states, though it was Coastal Rock that ultimately filed the injuncture. The case was taken up by the Supreme Court in 3314. Coastal Rock and Sri Kembangan both ran for the supreme court. While Sri Kembangan's bid was rejected, Coastal Rock was accepted, and Tony was subsequently not allowed to participate in the Investigation as a judge. That meant that the only active member of the Supreme Court was Alma. In the turmoil, Emily appointed her rival Lego to the post, and he was acclaimed.

Just as the court case but about to begin in the fall of 3314, Sri Kembangan quietly left the federation. It was unclear whether the departure was due to the court case or the economic and military threat it faced in the region from Soviet membership. The court case went ahead as planned, with the defense provided by Soviet archival material and several experts on Sri Kembangan's behalf. The court found him guilty of several charges, and exonerated MacLean of New Hibernia. The details of the report were shared to Soviet Membership, but have not been publicly made available.

Third Keppian Era (3348 - 3402)

During the last year of his second term, Tony made it clear that he would not seek re-election. Instead, a four-way contest was held between the Starayan Republic, Socialist Union of Farr, the Volusian Confederacy, and Socialist Union of Maldka. The election was close enough to prompt the second-ever runoff election where Keppy defeated Andrew to become the 50th leader of the Soviet Federation. Simultaneously, Coastal Rock went to war with a neighbour Knothole. Coastal Rock was on the offensive from the beginning, which made its use of nuclear weapons highly controversial. A strike from an unnamed submarine caused casualties in the order of 23 317 in the capital city, Budapest. While some members of the federation defended the move, Keppy and Lego opposed the use of nuclear arms, publicly censuring Tony. A formal statement came from Coastal Rock stating that while the use of the weapon was justified, it would hold a special meeting to discuss future Soviet policy.

After coming to office, Keppy appointed three new AGs, Tony, Emily, and Powcham. Keppy helped to set up a new information network called SovFed Forum, which allowed members to communicate directly on matters of importance. This greatly assisted in the implementation of the next priority, the highly controversial 3352 creation of the Soviet Commission on Nuclear Arms. The purpose of the organisation was to set up protocols around the use of nuclear weapons after they were used in 3348 in war. The motion barely passed after Emily stood in solidarity with Tony. Afterwards, the federation spent years debating the merits of nuclear regulation. Keppy, sensing the controversy decided to make this an election issue, calling an early end to her first term in 3356. She was re-elected in a landslide against Emily.

Shortly into her second term, Keppy faced opposition over the implementation of her agenda. The citizenship test was not moving forward, and the nuclear protocols were producing a polarised reaction. In 3360 Tony expressed a desire to leave the federation in order to strengthen ties to The Unique. This garnered an overreaction from Keppy, who insisted that if Tony left she would also retire. Popular opinion was split about what Tony and Keppy should do, but everyone agreed that we should act in a united fashion. Lego initiated a Solidarity Movement which called for calm and collected action. Within a few months the crisis ended with both nations remaining in the federation. There was renewed vigour in the federation following this event. A vote on the citizenship test failed, but one on the nuclear protocols was ultimately passed. Similarly, there was significant discussion about the role of private enterprise in the federation. While some opposed the notion for ideological reasons, the ministry of finance took the position that industry is essential to success. Keppy decided to run for a third term in 3366.

In the middle of the election international conflict took centre stage. Tony became embroiled in a diplomatic struggle with an expansive neighbour. As the standoff intensified, Keppy was re-elected. Upon assuming office she declared that she would table emergency powers, a measure which passed a federal referendum in the winter of 3367. The conflict, which according to Soviet Law cannot be discussed, resulted in a mutual agreement which emerged in 3368. Keppy unilaterally waived the emergency powers that summer, and in 3372 the empire in question mysteriously began to implode. The focus of the federation from that point forward moved to recruitment and to planning the 400th Anniversary. In 3371 Keppy spoke at Rockshire University in Coastal Rock, confirming her support for a strong and powerful federation. She committed herself to running for another term as well in 3376.

In the 3370s and 3380s Keppy focused on growing the federation. New members were recruited, though they were not admitted as full members until 3390 as a result of the new Citizenship Test. This was administered by the Supreme Court independent of the executive. In part the growing membership created the formation of new political alliances. Two power blocks emerged, the Socialists under Keppy and Zach, and the Liberals under Mike, Emily, and Devlin. The 3386 Election was a close race and Keppy managed to return to office, though not without understanding the importance of building new bridges as a leader. The vast majority of Keppy's fifth term was spent debating the merits of partisan politics and discussing the implications of reform to the SovECON. Ultimately, Keppy was successful the early 3390s in framing a productive discourse on politics. As well she passed a law on membership in the common market on its 400th anniversary in 3395, including the creation of a logo for the Soviet Federation Industrial Alliance. The next year Keppy was elected in a surprise first ballot victory, defeating four other candidates. She declared that it would be her last term, and she would be finishing the implementation of her ideas in merely four years. This involved the Citizenship Act and the creation of a second Soviet enterprise.

Realignment and Redirection (3402 - 3487)

Mike won the election in 3402 and his first initiative was to pass constitutional guidelines or reforms. These failed to pass, but he vowed to reintroduce them at a later time. Next, Mike and his finance minister, Devlin, created a second federation enterprise, the Soviet Federation Development Fund. This became a vital part to the federation's economy and Staraya's economic recovery, getting Staraya out of debt within about five years. The initiative was proposed at a federation meeting in which Romanam, the SFIA, the SFDF, Costal Rock, and the Socialist Union of Farr began to buy shares in Staraya public corporations. The government also began to reform SovECON by reducing the production requirement to 30 percent to help countries and corporations meet contract requirements. This was a very popular move.

In 3404 Keppy died in a tragic accident catching everyone offguard. She had left Adanac for Coastal Rock and her plane disappeared off the radar several hours later. The wreckage was never located. While this was over two years after leaving office, she never made another public appearance after her 3402 speech in Availles. This monumental address has come to symbolise not only her legacy but also the fabric of the federation itself. Of the numerous famous lines, she stated:

"Our federation has survived through serious upheavals over its four centuries, some of which happened under my watch. We are not still together by luck: we remain bound together by something truer and deeper. There is a great deal of respect, friendship, and co-operation that allow Soviets to remain united. We are capable, and we will continue to be the best federation in the galaxy"

The 3414 election was exceptionally contentious and resulted in a disputed win for the new movement, the Violets. Tony took office and made some concessions to the Liberals in order to maintain a strong collective spirit, which led to a coalition government. One of the first government initiatives was to indicate that there would not be any changes to the constitution or to institutions like Soviet Elections. A major priority was also to begin the process of recruiting, a move that was paired with a significant purge. 

Mike of the Liberal Party was named Vice-Premier and immediately began work with the finance minister on building new corporations in struggling Soviet states. He also proposed to give the Interior Ministry the task of updating the wiki with history, etc. Another legislative move Mike made was proposing a new status for Keppy's nation that would prevent it from being a voting member, but still allow it to remain in the federation as a monument to Keppy's contribution to this federation. A memorial of the Keppian years was created in remembrance after much Soviet support called for it. Despite some minor cooperation, the government failed and in 3424 an election was called.

The elections of 3424 were plagued by a naval attack on Romanam by Coastal Rock. This caused a flurry of diplomatic activity, and likely led to the downfall of both the Liberal Democrats and the Violets. The Socialists won 55 per cent of the vote in the election and moved forward to set up a new cabinet and a new supreme court. The primary concern was setting up a court date, which proved not to be jurisprudent. The failure to produce results led Green, the premier, to call an early election in 3434, and surprised everyone by stepping down as leader of the Socialists.

Zach, who took on the post of leader of Socialist Movement, won by a small margin. The Violets and Liberals both collapsed sometime shortly thereafter leading to the formation of the Soviet Workers Party. This movement attracted 48 per cent of the vote in the next election. Despite some of the very challenging problems facing the federation, Zach spent two terms addressing issues such as soviet cohesion, intrafederation communication, and growth. Ultimately, he failed to address economic concerns which led to an uprising from within his party, the Socialist Movement. An election was called early after public speculation challenged his authority. Green, who led the Movement (as it was now termed) won a surprise victory and introduced a two-pronged plan, tackling membership growth and structural problems. He struck up a committee to handle data collection as well in an attempt to help situate the strength of the federation on Kebir Blue. A merger occurred in 3464 with a rival federation, sparking new political debate about the direction of the federation. In 3466 Green called an early election and defeated the lone challenger, Lego. The debate prior to the election was perhaps the most heated in Soviet history. Many questions had been brought before the panel, including those about the SFDF, the economy of Westam, and a plan for interplanetary exploration.

Immediately following Green's election, a terrorist attack in Greenwood caused a massive international political crisis. In the wake of the devastation relations worsened between Greenwood and Coastal Rock. In the end, many consular officials and terrorists were killed. In March 3468 Tony was involved in a car accident on his way back from a strategy conference. He was pronounced dead at the scene. The federation mourned the tragedy with a state funeral in Greenwood City and several informal vigils attended collectively by approximately 700 000 people. Green, meanwhile, pushed through several agenda items to do with the economy. However, his most ambitious plan - to open a central outpost on Little Upsilon - failed to garner sufficient support. In 3475 Green announced his departure from the Socialist Movement and called an election for 3477, the 500th anniversary of the Soviet Federation.

3477 marked the 500th anniversary of the founding of the Soviet Federation. Members states of the Soviet Federation took time to celebrate the quincentennial in various ways. Many countries held a national holiday to celebrate the anniversary. The Quincentennial was noticeably toned down from the previous celebrations of the Soviet Quadricentennial.

Faubourg Compromise (3487 - 3500)

In the decade following the election of the CDU (Civic Democratic Union) the federation began to focus on democratic reform. In 3487 the Socialist Movement released their proposal called Project 3500. Following some debate a draft for a revised constitiution was introduced. Some supported Project 3500 whereas CDU opposed the the general premise. After much public consultation, negotiations began between the major stakeholders. It became the central component of the 3490 election leading to the Faubourg Compromise. Before the election a negotiation session occurred during which a tentative agreement was reached. Devlin commented that "both the Socialists and I thought it was a productive meeting, and we all hope to finalize the draft for a full federation vote".

In 3490 the Socialist Movement was elected an a narrow win over the CDU. A summit between major players resulted in a serious of concessions from Green on the initial proposal for Project 3500. Among them was a separation of executive and legislative powers and the elimination of administrative divisions. Reportedly, the discussion was so tense that negotiations nearly broke off several times during the long sessions. Ratification will be considered following two years of investigation on the part of several interest groups in the federation.

In 3497 Spek and Tony embarked on a commission to establish a satellite federation on Fearless Blue. Tony established Coastal Outpost while Spek fought a localised conflict over control of what would become the Confederated Soviet Republics. Following the commission's success in the first three years, it was admitted into the federation formally through the federal structures adopted in 3500.

Golden Age (3500 - 3565)

Following the establishment of the Duplex in 3500 there was a flurry of activity. Evad won the general election under the newly formed FedSA party. The council was made up of four affiliations including one independent. Within the first year serious debate emerged around a few issues. This led to the adoption of three pieces of legislation in the first term. The CDU proposed and helped passed the The Emergency Relief Standards Act. Despite a highly successful term, Evad failed to come out on top in the 3507 election and subsequently left the leadership of FedSA with the intention to run for council in the next election. The Vanguards set themselves up as the dominant political party of the federation destined to battle with the CDU, FedSA, and the independents.

The second government was headed by Khome of the Vanguards and a more strongly communist direction started. Despite the massive electoral win and crushing defeat of both FedSA (who declined a run-off) and the CDU which was pulverised, the government stalled. Council was deadlocked on the Military Protocols. Despite the bill being proposed in 3505 under the FedSA government, by 3517 there had yet to be a decision. Platforms for the 3517 election centred around this as a focal point. Beyond the military question, the government largely failed to address questions related to economic changes and to membership. Green ran against Voltaire and Mike in the 3517 election.

Mike won the election after both Voltaire and Green agreed not to challenge a second ballot after tieing. Mike ran on a platform of discussing, amending, and passing the Military Protocol Bills as well as developing the underused Soviet Enterprises. During Mike's term, he invited representatives from from the Vanguards and independents to a productive meeting in which a new compromise bill called the Military Protocol, Standards, and Achievement Act was created. After the meeting, Premier Mike gave a speech in Greenwood City touting this bipartisanship, and thus making this law into a symbol of the Soviet principles of democracy, debate, and bipartisanship.The government, the first CDU government during the Duplex, was supported by a diverse council. In the first few years council was able to pass legislation on electoral reforms and on the much debated Military Protocol Bills/Military Protocol, Standards, and Achievement Act. Also during this tenure the Minister of Government Affairs created the first Datacommons, a modification of the economic rating system. At the final council meeting FedSA proposed the creation of unisov, a federal broadcaster. In addition there was a tense discussion about negotiating a merger of the SovECON with other common markets.

An election was therefore called for 3525. Despite a significant margin in favour of the CDU after the first ballot, Volt was able to overtake in the second round leading to the formation of a second FedSA government. Immediately thereafter Volt named a multipartisan cabinet with representation from all power blocs. In the late 3530s unisov held a special debate on the state of the federation, primarily around whether or not the Soviet Federation was experiencing its Golden Age. At the same time, Green and Volt met to discuss delineation of powers at the so-called Violet Hall Convention. After some discussion about the potentional merger with the Unique and proposed reforms for the Duplex, it was announced that FedSA would be dissolving for practical reasons, namely that a third party was not relevant in the federal structure. Evad went on unisov to discuss the happenings and Volt made an address before the government complex in Greenwood.

At the final council meeting before the dissolution of this government, delegates discussed the three pieces of legislation before the Soviet Federation. The most important was Mike's proposal on the common market merger, giving the federation a mandate to negotiate a finalised document with the Unique. The other two documents were both from Vanguard councillor Green who proposed both Integra and the SFUS.

In 3540 Mike proposed a final draft of the merger documents, and Volt issued a statement that he would be dissolving the government to allow the campaign to focus on the larger questions surrounding the merger. However, when the election finally took place in 3542, much of the attention became negative. According to political commentators, the general public, and the soviet elite, this was the most vicious election in soviet history. The collapse of FedSA left only two political parties and the CDU went on the offensive nearly immediately. While some of the content was pointed, it was largely respectful and meant to engage with political issues. However, comments from CDU councillor Redo led to a serious exchange which involved several federal elites, notably CDU party leader Mike, Vanguard leader Andrew, and Independent Lego. The highly personal nature of the discussions resulted in the election becoming sidetracked in its final weeks.

The election, which had a significant buildup, was ultimately won by Andrew of the Vanguards. Following this Andrew named a cabinet that included Mike as minister of Soviet Affairs. This allowed Mike to continue to handle the merger. In council Redo was elected, much to the chagrin of numerous other federation members. Protests emerged in Caraden and there were violent riots in Vaudreuil. These were ultimately dispersed, but not without attracting serious diplomatic attention. During Andrew's term significant effort was put into recruitment, with four new members joining the federation. After successfully passing legislation, council opted to force an election on the topic of interplanetary alliances. This matter was ultimately not resolved by the election as there was still a significant divide over whether or not to solidify a greater alliance with the Unique or to pursue a relationship with the Union. Meanwhile, in 3558 a rogue state began to antagonise federal allies, dragging the Soviet Federation into a diplomatic crisis.

Terrorism Trials (3533 - 3535)

During a military exercise in 3533 a nuclear arm was detonated by the Red Army. Andrew did not justify the use of the weapon despite the fact that there were reports of approximately 31 000 casualties, most of whom were civilians. Due to a publication ban, there is no further information on the use of the weapons, and a report to the Supreme Court was not completed. Despite initial dissent against the Mandarr forces, the action was not in contravention of the Military Protocol, Standards, and Achievement Act and the Nuclear Protocols are defunct following the collapse of the League.

A year later tensions escalated when sanctions were proposed by Fitzpatrick. Failed talks between Ossorian and Mandarran officials led to a collapse of the Mandarr-Ossory alliance and the closure of the Ossorian Embassy to Mandarr in the city of Mal Puento.  Shortly thereafter four Ossorian officials were shot and killed in Mandarr, an act shrouded in violence and mystery. After protest on the party of the Ossorian government and interference from Caraden, the Mandarran government initiated a serious persecution of the alleged assailants. Five men were identified, labelled terrorists by the national government. Many called these men the Mandarr Five.

Evad presented a motion where, on live radio, he offered to form a tribunal that would take the legal matter out of the hands of the Mandarran government. It was also poised to prevent a diplomatic crisis with Ossary, who called for an extradition, or Caraden, which opposed the use of capital punishment. While these discussions were taking place, a terrorist attack occured in Ossory which killed several members of the governing Socialist Party. This set back the clock on negotiations and allowed Mandarr to pursue trials unilaterally.

Shortly after tensions escalated to an unsustainable level, the Central Committee of the Mandarran Workers Party of the USWR decided to let Ossarian judges into the country to have a joint trial. During the trials three of the accused were sentenced to death on convictions related to terrorism. The other protesters received a hefty prison sentence for their unprecedented violence against a Soviet member state. While Caraden protested the use of capital punishment, the crisis quickly evaporated due to the collaboration between Ossory and Mandarr.

Commemorations of the nuclear attack exist in both Ossory and Caraden. There are numerous public works devoted to the Mandarran trial and riots, the bombing in Ossary, and the mass protests in Caraden. The content of these historical works varies significantly. Despite the fact that there are residual tensions from this period, the three nations have been able to carry on with normalised diplomacy.

Market Merger (3547 - 3548)

Beginning in the early 3520s the CDU advanced a proposal to merge the SovECON with the Unique Common Market. During his term as premier Mike made major headway. In the next election, after being selected to become the Foreign Affairs Minister, Mike immediately began work on negotiations. In 3535, Mike wrote a white paper on the merger. This was met with trepidation, but a political crisis was avoided with support from key independents.

Later he wrote a preliminary draft for the common market merger. This draft was created for discussion and negotiation purposes only. After more meetings with the Unique, a finalized treaty was made in 3540. Because a common market merger would be such a large undertaking, Mike proposed a member referendum with multipartisan support from Andrew and others, and thus did a procedural veto to get there.

After the successful 5-0 council vote, and unanimous referendum, the common market treaty was ratified. The treaty was signed after years of negotiations in June 3548. Following the Common Market Treaty Implementation Plan, Governmental Affairs Minister Mike helped the federation swiftly merge with the Unique Trade Organization. A name change of the merged market would soon follow. In the symbolic month of November the SovECON was completely disbanded, and a new era of economic stability began.

Military Buildup (3558 - 3562)

During the year 3558 an urgent message for military aid was sent to Premier Andrew. It came from the Republic of Carolina of the Unique Federation concerning a rogue state controlled by Peoples Federation. It had reportedly attacked four members of the Unique without provocation. The Peoples Federation had left the Unique and created the Islamic Union without so much as a word. Soon thereafter they declared war, betraying their formal allies. In response to Jack's call for help, Andrew immediately went to work, proposing a boycott, common market eviction, and messaged the leader of the Peoples Federation, Supreme, for a diplomatic way to solve the crisis. A threatening warning message was then received in response and a short pause in diplomatic relations begun.

Andrew called for a vote for Emergency Powers in 3560. A very heated debate between many prominent Soviet politicians broke out, but ultimately the referendum for Emergency Powers gained an overwhelming support from Soviet membership. Premier Andrew ruled by decree until the end of the crisis, which took nearly a year. The first decree was for a massive military buildup of forces in the Republic of Romanam, and the First Republic of Mandarr. All the while the Premier was urgently contacting Supreme for a peaceful resolution, achieved in the spring of 3561. After long negotiations with amongst all parties a peaceful agreement was reached. It involved Supreme voluntarily leaving Kebir Blue and set up The Unique to handle the military retaliation. The Federation remained in a state of armed readiness for a year further. 

The Great Debates (3565 - 3615)

After the Golden Age ended, an era of heated and tense debates and political and social reforms began. The first and most important debate of the era was on the Visionary Manifesto. It was so heated that many believed it could have led to a civil war, because it did test the strength of the federations' unity and the resilience of its foundations of democracy and peaceful debate. Premier Devlin managed the situation as best as he could, but council was forced to put two pieces of legislation before the public in referenda. In a tense moment, both pieces of law (which were intended to strengthen relations between the Soviet Federation and the Unique) were defeated.

An election was called in 3584 in which Devlin chose not to run again. Philip, Tony, and Evad ran, but after a protracted argument including the use of threats and intimidation Tony had to rescind his position. Evad, as a moderate Visionary was able to win the election and the newly-formed SFPP managed to elect three party members to council.

Visionary Manifesto (3564 - 3582)

As Andrew's eventful term as Premier of the Seventieth Soviet Government began to close. Gord of Andarun, a relatively new member of the federation. Made a proposal in the form of the Visionary Manifesto , the Visionary Manifesto proposed the creation of a potential "Super Federation" with the Unique following the sucessful common market merger with UniSov. This spawned a significant political division throughout the federation, with the creation of the Soviet Federalist movement.

The elections for the Seventy First Soviet government were very toned down, but never the less dominated by the proposal of the Visionary Manifesto. Mike of Romanam had also joined the Federalists, with the intention of proposing a more moderate alternative in the UniSov Emergency and Defensive pact. During the election, Devlin of Greenwood came forwards for premier on the platform of moderation during what would be hotly contested council meetings throughout the government, with 58% of the vote Devlin became the first independent Premier during the Duplex.

During the various council meetings throughout the government, there were hotly contested debates as to the future of the Federation. With nearly equal amounts of council support on both sides of the debate, both the Visionary Manifesto and the Unisov Pact went before council for approval to go through referendum. The Visionary Manifesto failed 2 - 3, while Unisov just passed 3 - 2. A referendum wasn't scheduled, however both Gord and Mike agreed to host a debate on the issue later in the government. Because of commitments however provisions and organisation for a debate was delayed, a debate was finally hosted in 3580. During the debate it the pros and cons of both proposals were roundly scrutinized, afterwards Lego of the Supreme Court initiated the referendum on the Unisov Emergency and Defensive Pact.

Tony however had just returned to Soviet Politics, and after witnessing a "growth in support" for the Visionary Manifesto, gave a public statement: In it Tony denounced the visionaries, and called all "anti-visionaries" to openly revolt and boycott the current government. Particularly targeting the CDU for it's moderate stance and compromise on the Visionary Manifesto. With many members offline, a significant chord was struck throughout the federation, with a majority of federalists condemning the Visionary Manifesto and to a larger extent the Unisov Pact. Soon demands were made for a immediate referendum on the Visionary Manifesto altogether.

With a increasingly hostile and polarised Federation, and the threat of civil war looming. Demands for immediate referendums were quickly adhered to and the Visionary Manifesto, as well as the Unisov Emergency and Defensive Pact were voted on in the following days. Both the Visionary and Unisov proposals failed narrowly through public votes, technically putting a end to the Visonary's dream of closer relations. Although Tony was the first to condenm the Visionaries, he was joined by hardline federalists such as Andrew and Khome, but also by otherwise neutral members such as Philip. Condemnation of these individuals from more moderate members such as Gord , Mike and Devlin continued for many years afterwards, polarising the federation and contributing greatly to the eventual collapse of consensus within the Duplex.

Reform Negotiations (3585 - 3615)

In the mid 3590s the authors of the Visionary Manifesto came forward with a new plan, this one based on internal reform rather than changes to the Unique-Soviet relationship. Gord and Volt introduced a plan that was based firmly in a reinvisioning of Soviet governance and leadership. The proposal of a merged legislative and judiciary was the primary focus of the plan. Debate began immediately and two themes became evident. Firstly, there was a unanimous feeling that reform was necessary. Secondly, there was no sense of what direction to go from there.

In the middle of negotiations, members were asked to vote on the adoption of the proposed constitution, but the Supreme Court, amidst a turnover, had given unclear instructions about what was being voted in. While the vote to adopt passed, it was later agreed that it should have been a test of sentiment toward reform in general, rather than toward specific changes. As a result, in 3600 the Soviet Federation had two constitutions that were legal. To avoid potential constitutional crisis, an interregrum government was formed with Philip, an independant taking over reins of the federation to manage the changeover. During the next decade the Fourth Soviet Constitution was signed into effect and in 3615 elections were held to form a new soviet court that could help introduce the next era of soviet history, The Concord.

The Concord Era (3615 - 3705)

Main article: The Concord

Richard Premiership (3615 - 3680)

The Era referred to as The Concord began with the fully implementation of the Fourth Soviet Constitution in the middle of 3615. An election was immediately called in which candidates stood for the politburo, the 3615 were the first elections in centuries in which political parties didn't play a factor in voting. Although Tony had attained the highest number of votes, new constitutional provisions for the appointment of Premier meant that the premiership race was a close fought battle between Richard and Philip. With most of the politburo indifferent to either Richard or Philip, a close run battle followed in which Richard just secured a majority within the Politburo, Philip agreed to serve as Vice Premier in the first government of the Concord.

Most of Richard's term was characterised with a heightened sense of activity within the Soviet Federation following the enactment of the new constitution. Intense competition for other posts such as Interior led to a great level of activity and participation by the membership of the federation. Various minor electoral changes were made during the Seventy-Fifth soviet government, as well as the introduction of previous acts such as the EAA act which were from the Duplex. Supreme court elections continued also, with the number of judges changed from two to three within the Supreme Court.

Philip during this time introduced the most prominent form of electoral reform during Richard's premiership, the Politburo Voting Act banned the act of self voting within Politburo elections to strengthen the democratic nature of Federal elections. This passed with relative ease throughout the datacommons and was approved by the Supreme Court as a minor constitutional change, therefore no referendum was required.

Perhaps the only cause for instability within the Federation during Richard's premiership was the consequences and everlasting effects of the situation within the North Franklin Region. Although Philip's Riley Proposal had been deemed a failure as early as 3610 and had been abandoned. Tony and George retained significant interests within the region in which the likelyhood of a Proxy War was high, economic stagnation and accusations of backdoor politics led to some tension between the two powers. However this was fairly limited and periodic.

During this time prolific changes to the War and Economic games were occurring, this significant changed the defence requirements of the Soviet Federation. With the means of maintaining a large army under question, the defence pact with the Unique was once again back on the table. Although this time facing limited opposition, the defence pact took many years to pass due to the sensitive nature of Sovereignty which had effected the previous Visionary Manifesto debate so much. Despite this, there was a general consensus, even amongst the most prominent ex-federalists that the Defence Pact should go ahead, after a brief recess in which federal activity subsided the defence pact passed unanimously.

After the recess in which the Defence Pact had been passed, Richard announced he was retiring from federal politics. Making a statement in early 3673, he expressed his to take a break from federal politics and announced that he may or may not consider joining the Supreme Court as a judge. A new election was called starting sometime during or after the Soviet Federation's 700th anniversary.

Philip Premiership, Emergency Committees, and the End of Democracy (3680 - 3705)

Philip was elected premier in 3680 and served for thirteen years before disappearing from public life for some time. As a result, Vice-Premier Andrew assumed the role of Premier and called for an emergency meeting shortly afterwards, in September 3695. The emergency meeting resulted in the dissolving of the Council, effectively halting government entirely. At the behest of several notable soviets an emergency committee was composed, replete with emergency powers. This body was comprised of Andrew, Khome, Satomi, and Richard, and was ultimately tasked with reviewing the constitution and providing amendments. Some amendments were made, including in October 3695, reintroducing a political party system that was in place during the Duplex. However, the direction was soon changed when Green proposed a new constitution in 3697. His proposal of a new system recieved wide support amongst the attendees and was later revised and brought before general membership. It was passed unanimounsly in 3705.

Return to Autocracy (3505 - 3747)

Return to Democracy (3747 - Present)

..........

Elections

For a list of elections for chair, view the main article

For a list of elections for premier, view the main article

For a list of elections during the Concord, view the main article

From democratisation in 3011 until the collapse of the Condederacy in 3137, there were elections called to determine leadership. According to the charter of the federation, elections give chairpeople a seven year mandate before another election must be called. Many members from across the planet ran for office as chair. In addition, elections were held every 20 years for SovEMC and the Finance Executive. Further modifications were made to the system of voting in 3060, with a new system of Mixed Population Performance. In 3080 secret ballots were introduced for voting in executives.

The Soviet Constitution implemented regime change in the Soviet Federation. Although there have been substantial changes in electoral and sometimes constitution provisions for the governance of the Soviet Federation - a representative system of government has been retained by the Soviet Federation since 3137.

Special Referenda

There have been many referenda in the history of the Soviet Federation. Below is a list of previous tabled proposals as well as scheduled upcoming votes.

2985 - "Create a Soviet Common Market" (failed 2-6)

2991 - "Acclaim Spek as chairman" (passed 7-0)

2994 - "Select Moscow as the Permanent Capital of the Soviet Federation (failed 4-5)

2995 - "Create a Soviet Common Market" (passed 5-4)

2998 - "Select Qavran as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 6-3)

3003 - "Endorse universal membership in the common market border countries" (failed 3-6)

3020 - "Adopt new ideological statement" (passed 8-2)

3023 - "Create a census bureau" (passed 11-2)

3025 - "Acclaim Devlin as chairman" (passed 10-2)

3025 - "Adopt federation Charter" (passed 11-2)

3027 - "Create an economic advisory bureau" (passed 12-0)

3028 - "Endorse universal membership in the common market border countries" (failed 5-7)

3030 - "Create a bureau of information and a high commission" (passed 8-2)

3033 - "Create SovEMC" (passed 17-0)

3048 - "Adopt an anthem" (failed 7-12)

3054 - "Ratify the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac" (passed 20-2)

3057 - "Institute electoral reform" (passed 21-0)

3062 - "Start a Soviet Federation Space Programme" (failed 8-10)

3065 - "Select Valhalla as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 11-8)

3068 - "Make progress reports mandatory for the SovEMC, Finance, and Dipliais" (passed 9-7)

3077 - "Create a second federation" (passed 14-4)

3081 - "Adopt secret ballots for elections for Chairperson" (passed 10-8)

3092 - "Creat a GSLA" (failed 9-12)

3095 - "Renew the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac" (passed 16-4)

3098 - "Select New Madison as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 11-6)

3111 - "Enter into negotiations with the Protectorate" (passed 12-2)

3127 - "Adopt the Soviet Federation Regulatory Finance System" (passed 15-0)

3130 - "Create the Interfederation Commission for Prosperity" (passed 10-8)

3131 - "Hold a summit on the future role of the SovECON" (passed 17-0)

3137 - "Adopt the Soviet Constitution" (passed 20-0)

From 3137 until 3251 there were no referenda, as all decisions were made by the Soviet Parliament. Following the collapse of The Centralem in 3251, the federation was run by Devlin and Ms Emily as co-leaders. They reintroduced referenda, and the process was the same as prior to 3137. This carried on following the creation of the next chapter of Soviet history following 3284.

3265 - "Allow the provisional government to continue" (passed 7-3)

3277 - "Acclaim Lego as Co-Premier" (passed 8-7)

3277 - "Acclaim Tony as Co-Premier" (passed 10-4)

3282 - "Adopt the Second Soviet Constitution" (passed 10-0)

3284 - "Name Keppy as Arbitrator General" (passed 6-0)

3288 - "Name Emily as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-0)

3291 - "Adopt PEPA" (passed - 6-3)

3295 - "Expel Selected Members from the Soviet Federation (failed 7-5)

3300 - "Publish Results of PEPA" (failed 6-10)

3308 - "Name Jack as Arbitrator General" (passed 8-0)

3310 - "Expel Selected Members from the Soviet Federation (passed 12-4)

3310 - "Name Tony as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-2)

3312 - "Name Arif as Arbitrator General" (failed 4-6)

3314 - "Name Lego as Arbitrator General" (passed 8-2)

3316 - "Boycott Sri Kembangan" (passed 8-4)

3318 - "Ban Sri Kembangan indefinitely from the Soviet Federation" (failed 5-10)

3322 - "Select Petrograd as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 7-3)

3330 - "Name Charlotte as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-2)

3342 - "Adopt the Availles Act" (passed 6-0)

3346 - "Expell Selected Members from the Soviet Federation" (passed 7-5)

3348 - "Name Emily as Arbitrator General" (passed 8-0)

3350 - "Name Powcham as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-3)

3352 - "Name Tony as Arbitrator General" (passed 6-2)

3352 - "Establish the Soviet Commission on Nuclear Arms" (passed 6-4)

3355 - "Introduce a Soviet Citizenship Test" (failed 5-8)

3360 - "Hold a summit on the future of the Soviet Federation" (passed 10-0)

3365 - "Pass the Adanac Nuclear Protocols" (passed 11-2)

3365 - "Introduce a Soviet Citizenship Test" (passed 9-7)

3366 - "Name Devlin as Arbitrator General" (passed 10-0)

3366 - "Name Lego as Arbitrator General" (passed 8-3)

3367 - "Enact Emergency Powers" (passed 11-6)

3370 - "Publish information pertaining to the use of the Emergency Powers" (failed 5-12)

3374 - "Introduce comprehensive electoral reforms" (passed 8-5)

3385 - "Name Satomi as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-2)

3385 - "Select Snow as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 8-3)

3388 - "Merge with Vasana Union" (passed 12-0)

3390 - "Name Tony as Arbitrator General (passed 8-5)

3395 - "Introduce reforms to the SovECON" (passed 11-3)

3400 - "Create a new Soviet Enterprise" (passed 8-1)

3400 - "Introduce the Citizenship Act" (passed 9-3)

3402 - "Name Emily as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-2)

3403 - "Introduce changes to the legislative system" (failed 4-9)

3405 - "Introduce Law Page" (passed 6-0) 

3421 - "Define Role of Soviet Historian" (passed 3-0) 

3421 - "Adopt Associate Status for Democratic Republic of Damstu" (passed 6-0) 

3425 - "Name Myon as Arbitrator General" (passed 8-2)

3425 - "Name Lego as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-1)

3425 - "Name Zach as Arbitrator General" (passed 5-3)

3427 - "Select Greenwood as the Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 7-1)

3438 - "Repeal Soviet Citizenship Test" (failed 4-6)

3450 - "Name Dave as Arbitrator General" (passed 7-2)

3460 - "Establish forum on governance issues" (failed 4-7)

3466 - "Re-open the SFDF" (passed 7-3)

3467 - "Consolidate trade sanctions on Soviet Republic of Westam" (passed 8-4)

3473 - "Establish central outpost on Little Upsilon" (failed 5-8)

3495 - "Adopt the Faubourg Compromise" (passed 16-0)

3497 - "Establish central outpost on Little Upsilon" (passed 7-4)

From 3500 onward referenda were used only when initiated in the event that council was unable to gain concensus and there was a need for wider consultation. Most decisions were made by the council.

3540 - "Merge the SovECON with the Unique Common Market" (passed 11-0)

3545 - "Adopt Legislative Reforms" (failed 2-7)

3583 - "Adopt the Visionary Manifesto" (failed )

3583 - "Adopt the UniSov Emergency and Defensive Pact" (failed )

Votes in Soviet Parliament

Below is a list of all the votes that took place in the Soviet Parliament from its establishment in 3137 to its collapse in 3251.

3140 - "Renew the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac" (passed 187-63)

3142 - "Name Orwell as the Permanent Capital of the Soviet Federation" (failed 104-146)

3153 - "Establish Confidence in Parliament" (failed 77-173)

3154 - "Name Adanac as the next Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 182-68)

3157 - "Amend the Constitution" (passed 172-78)

3158 - "Expel selected members of the federation" (passed 195-55)

3160 - "Merge with Defensive Nations" (passed 207-43)

3163 - "Abolish the Accords of Qavran-Tamarac" (failed 112-138)

3164 - "Establish a Joint Census Commission" (passed 205-45)

3168 - "Return to the use of open ballots in elections" (passed 168-82)

3170 - "Form a historical commission in honour of the bicentennial" (passed 210-40)

3175 - "Establish Confidence in Parliament" (failed 86-164)

3180 - "Hold a Summit on Electoral Reform" (failed 90-160)

3190 - "Renew the Accord of Qavran-Tamarac" (passed 207-43)

3192 - "Declassify documents surrounding the IRComm Report of 3075 (failed 106-144)

3193 - "Name Aiur as the next Temporary Capital of the Soviet Federation" (passed 185-65)

3195 - "Establish a Temporary Council" (passed 230-20)

3200 - "Amend the Constitution" (failed 112-138)

3202 - "Set regular dates for Interfederation Congress meetings" (passed 147-103)

3204 - "Hold a Summit on Electoral Reform" (passed 133-117)

3210 - "Establish Confidence in Parliament" (failed 122-128)

3214 - "Name 27 January as the Dave Memorial Day" (passed 233-17)

3223 - "Enter into negotiations with the IRP" (passed 204-46)

3225 - "Adpot the Frenz Accords" (failed 114-136)

3228 - "Adopt the Soviet Common Law documents" (passed 177-73)

3230 - "Establish Soviet Federation Industrial Alliance" (passed 183-67)

3232 - "Open negotiations with the IRP" (passed 170-80)

3242 - "Allow the Premier to bypass the Electoral Officer" (passed 167-73)

3246 - "Extend term limits" (failed 87-163)

3247 - "Open a commission on reform" (passed 212-38)

Votes in Council

Below is a record of all votes in the council following its establishment in 3500. Included are details of whether or not they were brought to a referendum.

Year Proposed Law Result Vote Referendum
3502 Economic Advice Act Passed 5-0
3504 Emergency Relief Standards Act Passed 3-2
3505 Military Protocol Bills Failed 2-3
3505 Datacommons Act Passed 3-2
3512 Unification Act Passed 4-1
3516 Soviet Membership Charter Bill Passed 4-1
3520 Electoral Reform Code Passed 5-0
3521 Communications Statute Failed 1-4
3522 Military Protocol, Standards, and Achievement Act Passed 4-1
3522 Soviet Federal Radio and Telecommunications Act Passed 4-1
3523 Common Market Merger Strategy Passed 3-2
3537 Integra Bill Passed 4-1
3538 Soviet Federal University System Act Passed 4-1
3540 Common Market Merger  Passed 5-0

11-0

3545 Councillor Term Bill Failed 3-2

2-7

3551 Authorization for Talks with the Union  Failed 1-4
3551 Authorization for Talks about Defensive/Disaster Pact with Unique Failed 1-4
3551 Political Disclosure Act Passed 3-2
3557 Support Greenwood's entrace to common market Passed 4-1
3557 Authorization for Talks with the Union Passed 5-0
3557 Authorization for Talks about Defensive/Disaster Pact with Unique Passed 3-2
3557 Select Revoltion Centre as temporary capital Passed 5-0 10-4
3558 Enact Emergency Powers Passed 4-1 12-4
3572 Authorization for Negotiation with the Union Passed 5-0
3572 Visionary Manifesto Failed 2-3 4-9
3572 Unisov Emergency and Defensive Pact Failed 3-2 6-8
3572 Soviet Voting Act Passed 4-1
3585 Soviet independence and Integrity Act Failed 3-2 6-7
3590 Soviet Constitutional Reform (option A) Passed 4-1 N/A
3590 Soviet Constitutional Reform (option B) Passed 5-0 N/A
3593 Riley Proposal Passed 3-0 -
3593 Defense Resolution Passed 5-0 -
3593 Unisov Emergency and Defensive Pact Passed 3-1 N/A

Membership and Executive

Since the start of the 31st centrury there have been generally between 25 and 30 active members of the Soviet Federation. Additionally, information is tracked using a census conducted roughly every seven or eight years (starting 3030). This task was first handled by the New Republic of Wisconsin, but there have been many other nations who have taken on this work. In addition to the common membership, there was an Executive Committee dedicated to dealing with specific issues facing the organisation. In 3035 the first Assembly of the Soviet Federation convened. The last branch of government was the IRComm, s a judicial organisation. The executive and the IRComm were both disbanded in 3137, replaced by the Soviet Parliament which has effectively handled the legislative, executive, and judiciary needs of the federation.

Accolades

There is currently only one honour awarded to outstading presidents, the Soviet Service Star. It has been awarded once since being introduced by Keppy in 3047. In 3081, to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the creation of Vanqar Soviet Republic and its ascension to the Soviet Federation, Keppy proposed a second award, the Federation Honour Medal. It has been awarded to all territories belonging to the federation that have been leaders for 100 years.

Past Chairpeople

Listed below are the former chairs of the Soviet Federation. Stalin, who led the organisation for 14 years, and Spek, who was chairperson for 20 years, were not subject to election. All subsequent leaders were elected by plurality by members of the federation and were given a maximum of seven years as leader before a new election was to be held. The Soviet Federation has been led by eleven individuals. The Democratic Republic of Damstu was the first chairperson to be reelected to the post consecutively (3030, 3034, and 3041; 3083, 3088, and 3094) and holds the longest non-consecutive period of time as chair. Soviet Empire of the Leaf, the Democratic Republic of Plato, Soviet Socialist Chiawa, and the USSA are the only countries to have serve more than once non-consecutively. The UAR holds the record the longest block term as chair (20 years).

State Leader Term Notes
United Soviet Socialist Republics Stalin March 2977 - March 2991 Acclaimed
Vanqar Soviet Republic (of UAR) Spek March 2991 - October 3011 Acclaimed
Soviet Empire of the Leaf (of USE) Ringo October 3011 - July 3018 Elected
Socialist Union of Farr Ms Emily July 3018 - June 3025 Elected
Democratic Republic of Plato Devlin July 3025 - June 3030 Acclaimed
Democratic Republic of Damstu Ms Keppy

July 3030 - February 3034

March 3034 - March 3041


March 3041 - June 3048

Elected
Soviet Socialist Chiawa John July 3048 - June 3053 Elected
Democratic Republic of Plato Devlin July 3053 - December 3060 Elected
Soviet Socialist Chiawa John January 3061 - December 3065 Elected
New Republic of Wisconsin (of USSA) BBJBS January 3066 - June 3070 Elected
Soviet Empire of the Leaf (of USE) Ringo

July 3070 - June 3076

July 3076 - December 3083

Elected
Democratic Republic of Damstu Ms Keppy

Jauary 3084 - June 3088

July 3088 - February 3095


March 3095 - December 3100

Elected
Communist State of Kinsek Phillip January 3101 - December 3107 Elected
New Republic of Wisconsin (of USSA) BBJBS January 3108 - June 3114 Elected
Soviet Republic of Westam Zach

July 3114 - June 3119

July 3119 - June 3126

Elected
People's Republic of Rezalan Dave July 3126 - March 3133 Elected
Democratic Republic of Plato Devlin March 3133 - June 3137 Elected

Past Premiers

The First Soviet Constituion implemented singificant changes for leadership in the federation. The position of Chairperson was replaced by the title of Premier. Since 3137 the following people have led the Soviet Federation. In the first sixty years of the centralem, only three majority governments were elected (Front Solidaire, 3160-3165, 3190-3196, and 3202-3207). Most parliaments formed have been unsupported minorities, which are relatively weak governments. The most effective governmance has come from coalition governments. Blackwatch held the records for longest term in office as well as most times elected (either consecutively or non-consecutively) at 25 years and for governments. The Front Solidaire won vastly more governments than any other party, and only the CNP, the FSDP, the NDP, CivMUS, and Labour have been governming parties in addition to the FS. Several other parties, past and present, had run in elections, but have not governed.

State Leader Party Term Notes
UAR Spek FS October 3137 - July 3144 Minority
AE Doug FSDP August 3144 - January 3150 FSDP-CNP Coalition
AE Doug FSDP January 3150 - January 3054 Minority
DRP Devlin CNP January 3154 - May 3160 CNP-FSDP Coalition
SRW Zach FS May 3160 - December 3165 Majority
PRR Dave CNP January 3166 - January 3172 Minority
SUF Emily FS January 3172 - August 3175 Minority
AE Doug FSDP September 3175 - August 3182 FSDP-CNP Coalition
BW Tony FS September 3182 - February 3190 FS-NDP Coalition
BW Tony FS March 3190 - January 3196 Majority
BW Tony FS January 3196 - January 3202 Minority
BW Tony FS January 3202 - September 3207 Majority
AE Doug FSDP October 3207 - December 3210 Minority
SUF Emily NDP January 3211 - October 3214 Minority
FSP Devlin CivMUS October 3214 - January 3211 Minority
UAR Spek FS February 3211 - February 3227 Minority
FSP Devlin Labour March 3227 - May 3234 Minority
UAR Spek FS June 3234 - January 3242 Minority
FSP Devlin Labour February 3242 - December 3248 Labour-NDP Coalition
SUF Emily NDP December 3248 - October 3251 NDP-Labour Coalition

Leaders of the Provisional Government

From 3251 to 3284 the Soviet Federation was managed by a provisional government. Drafting the new constitution of the federation was the primary challenge, though maintaining a strong democratic tradition was also a serious matter of consideration. In the mid-3260s the leadership was reaffirmed in a referendum. Emily and Devlin led the federation together, as co-premiers, until 3277 when Lego initiated an impromptu vote to replace them. This government was very stable and served to hold the federation together while serious arguments took place over the direction that the federation would take in the long term, though criticism, primarily from Lego, fostered a sense of urgency in bringing about material change.

States Leader Duration Notes

Socialist Union of Farr



Federal States of Plato

Emily



Devlin

October 3251



May 3277

Formed, October 3251



Reaffirmed, June 3265

Starayan Republic



Coastal Rock

Lego



Tony

May 3277



June 3284

Acclaimed, May 3277



Dissolved, June 3284

Premiers of the League

After 3284 the Soviet Federation was led by a Premier with a fixed mandate of twelve years. Premiers were to be sworn in on 1 July and their terms end on 30 June twelve years later. This precipitated a crisis in 3324 when the Premier suddenly fell ill. An election was called thereafter and the first non-twelve year term began. From this point forward, the convention of twelve-year terms became just that, a convention, not a strict law. There are currently no rules governing how many times a premier can seek re-election consecutively or otherwise. Keppy served six times consecutively, from 3348 until 3402. The organisation with by far the most electoral wins is the Socialist Movement (formerly the Federal Social Democrats, who gathered an impressive twelve governments). The only other party to win more than one government was the Liberal Democrats/CDU who won three governments together.

State Leader Duration Affiliation Notes
Coastal Rock Tony

March 3284

July 3296

N/A Elected on first ballot
Federal Republic of Plato Devlin

July 3296

July 3308

Liberal Democratic Elected on first ballot
Socialist Union of Farr Ms Emily

July 3308

July 3320

N/A Elected on first ballot
Socialist Union of Maldka^ Andrew^

July 3320

March 3325

Revolutionary Marxist Elected on first ballot
Coastal Rock Tony

March 3325

March 3337

N/A Elected on second ballot
Coastal Rock Tony

March 3337

July 3348

N/A Elected on first ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3348

July 3356

Federal Social Democrat Elected on second ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3356

July 3366

Federal Social Democrat Elected on first ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3366

July 3376

Federal Social Democrat Elected on first ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3376

July 3386

Federal Social Democrat Elected on first ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3386

July 3396

Socialist Movement Elected on second ballot
Volusian Confederacy Keppy

July 3396

July 3402

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Republic of Romanam Mike

July 3402

July 3414

Liberal Democratic Elected on first ballot
Coastal RockTony

July 3414

July 3424

Violets Elected on second ballot
Caraden Green

July 3424

July 3434

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Soviet Republic of Westam Zach

July 3434

July 3446

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Soviet Republic of Westam Zach

July 3446

July 3457

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Caraden Green

July 3457

July 3465

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Caraden Green

July 3465

July 3477

Socialist Movement Elected on first ballot
Greenwood Devlin

July 3477

July 3490

Civil Democratic Union Elected on second ballot
Socialist Union of Mandarr Andrew

July 3490

July 3500

Socialist Movement Elected on second ballot

^In the fall of 3324 Emily became acting premier until the election of 3325. Andrew was still recognised as Premier as well as the leader of the Soviet Federation.

ᶜCoalition Government with Liberal Democratic (Mike of Romanam as Vice-Premier)

Premiers during the Duplex

Following the collapse of the Leauge in 3500 the premier shares political power with the Soviet Council. The premier represents a political association and holds limited veto power over the council. The executive branch controls the federal departments such as defense, soviet affairs, and finance. The council presents and votes on all legislation without interference from the premier. At the end of the Leauge the Socialist Movement split creating two new political entities that shared the lineage of the left in the federation. So far three political parties have participated and a large role has been played by Indepenents. The Communist Party of the Soviet Federation (otherwise the Vanguards) and the Civil Democratic Union (CDU) are the main active parties in the federation with significant party membership and clear federal objectives. The third party, the Federal Socialist Alliance (or FedSA), collapsed in 3543 leaving only two parties. Independents have played a signficant role in both branches of government as candidates, ministers, and committee members. In some governments independents have accounted for two of five councilmembers.

Premier Duration Council

Evad

Volusian Confederacy

FedSA

July 3500


November 3507

Lego

Green

Fitzpatrick

Andrew

Volt

Khome

People's Republic of Malizi

Vanguards

November 3507


February 3517

Lego

Andrew

Fitzpatrick

Volt

Green

Mike

Republic of Romanam

Civil Democratic Union

February 3517


November 3525

Evad

Rober

Lego

Fitzpatrick

Philip

Volt

Second Republic of Vaudreuil

FedSA

November 3525

July 3543

Redo

Philip

Khome

Lego

Green

Andrew

First Repulbic of Mandarr

Vanguards

July 3543

July 3553

Lego

Redo

Green

Philip

Volt

Andrew

First Repulbic of Mandarr

Vanguards

July 3553

July 3566

Redo

Philip

Gord

Green

Volt

Devlin

Kingdom of Greenwood

Independent

July 3566

July 3584

Philip

Gord

Green

Mike

Andrew

Evad

Volusian Confederacy

United Visionaries

July 3584

July 3590

Mike

Gord

Andrew

Green

Richard

Evad

Volusian Confederacy


United Visionaries

July 3590

July 3600

Mike

Gord

Andrew

Richard

Volt

Philip

Highlandic Federation

Independent

July 3600

July 3615

Not elected

Governments During the Concord

Following the collapse of the Duplex, the Soviet Federation adopts a new Fourth Soviet Constitution. Following the lessons learnt from the Duplex, the executive and legislative branches of government are fused together. Elections are held for the Politburo (counicl) in a public setting, a fundamental change is the selection process for Premier, who is voted in by the Politburo rather then that of the general membership. The Executive is then therefore accountable to the legislative. Following the implementation of the Fourth Soviet Constitution political parties have been outlawed, therefore removing the party political aspect from the Soviet government. A range of electoral reforms occured throughout the Concord, such as the Politburo Voting Act.

Premier Duration Politburo Cabinet

Richard

Soviet RSFSR

September 3615

January 3638

Tony (22)

Richard (17)

Lego (17)

Khome (17)

Philip (8)

Green (8)

Vice Premier - Philip

Interior - Green

Defence - Tony

Finance - Khome

Foreign Affairs - Philip

Richard

Soviet RSFSR

January 3638

March 3650

Tony (20)

Richard (19)

Lego (14)

Philip (13)

Satomi (13)

Gord (10)

Interior - Philip

Defence - Tony

Finance - Richard/Philip

Foreign Affairs - Gord

Richard

Soviet RSSR

March 3650

Present

Richard (34)

Philip (14)

Lego (12)

Satomi (12)

Green (10)

Gord (9)

Interior - Satomi

Information Research - Philip

Finance - Gord

Foreign Affairs - Green

Defence - Richard/Philip

Independant Representation - Lego

Emergency Committee 

Starting after Premier Phillip was elected in the Concord, a period of heavey innactivty took over, leading to Vice Premier Andrew seizing the office of Premier and instuiting emergency powers and an emergency committee. Activity soon picked up and a meeting was held during which green proposed a new system that rapidly took hold with the passing of the 5th Soviet Consitution in 3705.

Premier Duration Committee Members

Andrew

The Republic of Mandarr

3690-3705 Satomi, Khome, Green, Richard

Comintern Governments 

The Comintern Era started in 3705 when the 5th Soviet Consituiton passed public refernedum. Premier Andrew was the first of the Comintern governments. His term primarily focused on particpation drives, recruitment, and formulation and organizing a Soviet Federal Defense Force. 

Premier Duration Supreme Soviet Assembly Cabinet Superior Judge

Andrew

Mandarr Peoples Republic

3705-TBD

Green, Porter, Khome, Satomi, Adrian

Phillip, Highlandic Federaton-Interior Minister

Khome, The Peoples Republic of Malizi-Defense and Finance Minister

Richard, Soviet RSSR

Capital Cities

When the federation was founded in 2977 there were only three members of the organisation. The administrative headquarters were located in Moscow in the USSR for the first twenty years of of the federation's existence. In 2994 a vote was brought forward by Stalin asking for the capital city to be permanently designated as Moscow. In a hotly contested vote, the proposal failed. Three years later several members of the federation pushed through another bill making Qavran in the UAR a "temporary capital city". During Spek's 20 year term as chair of the Soviet Federation it became apparent that the centre of the federation is around the UAR, though Spek repeatedly declared that he would vote down all proposals to make Qavran a permanent capital city. In 3065 Valhalla was selected by a pluarility of members and, in a referendum, it was named the next temporary capital. The same process was repeated when New Madison, Adanac, Aiur, Petrograd, Snow, Greenwood, and Revolution Center were selected. From 3137 until 3284 the Parliament of the Soviet Federation was located in Orwell, of the Democratic Republic of Plato. It was later held in the capital city as it was before 3137. After a federal referendum in 3557 Revolution Center was named the capital of the Soviet Federation. 

City Country Term
Moscow United Soviet Socialist Republics 2977-2998 (21 years)
Qavran United Autonomous Republics 2998-3065 (67 years)
Valhalla Azurnereich Empire 3065-3100 (35 years)
New Madison New Republic of Wisconsin 3100-3154 (54 years)
Adanac Democratic Republic of Damstu 3154-3195 (41 years)
Aiur Soviet Empire of the Leaf 3195-3325 (130 years)
Petrograd Starayan Republic 3325-3380 (55 years)
Snow Snow Confederation 3380-3427 (47 years)
Greenwood City Greenwood 3427-3557 (130 years)
Revolution Centre First Republic of Mandarr 3557-present

Soviet Chapters

USSMR Defense Force - charter granted in May, 3516. Leader of chapter federation must reapply for membership in 3616.

Soviet Mandarr Repbulics - charter granted in May, 3516. Leader of chapter federation must reapply for membership in 3616

Soviet Alliance - charted granted in May, 3520. Leader of chapter federation must reapply for membership in 3620


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