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Knaz of Slavinia
Knaz of Slavinia
Reign: 1093–1097
Coronation: c. 1093
Predecessor: Svetoslav II
Sucessor: Phillipos of Kormenia
House: House of Jelacic
Died: 1097, Battle of Orotal Mountain
Religion: Orthodox Church

Polidor Jelacic (Pelavić) was the last native knaz (c. 1093–1097) of Slavinia. It is assumed that he began as a ban serving under Kanz Svetoslav II and was then elected knaz by the Slavian feudal lords in 1093. Polidor's seat of power was based in Kanea. His rule was marked by a struggle for control of the country with Kormenia. During his reign he was able to expel Alexios of Kormenia from Sýnoria, and unite Slavinia to the river Drava. According to Frater Georgius, first Slavian cardinal, Polidor was born in Kamidak (above river Krka canyon), Slavinia. He died in 1097 and was the last native king of Slavinia (reigned 1093–1097).

Struggle for the succession

He assumed the throne amid deep tension throughout the Kingdom. His predecessor, Svetoslav (1089–1091) died without leaving an heir, sparking a major political crisis. Jelena or Ilona, the widow of King Ladislas (1074–1089) supported her brother, King Archemorus I of Kormenia, in the inheritance of the throne of Slavinia. Meanwhile, as a part of Slavinia's dignitaries and clergy did not support Archemorus' claim, they elected nobleman Polidor as King, who immediately deployed the military to defend Slavinia's borders from Kormenian attack. However it was too late. Archemorus, who had probably devised a military strategy two years earlier, launched an offensive and managed to breach Slavinian lines along the Drava River. The well-prepared Kormenians soon occupied the entire province of Slavonia but were halted by the Slavians at Mount Orotal.

Shortly after his army's success,Archemorus I died, leaving his nephew Phillipos to continue the campaign. King Polidor's troops maintained their resistance repelling Kormenian assaults for nearly two years. Phillipos grew frustrated at his army's impotence and in 1097 assembled an enormous force at the eastern foot of Mount Orotal. The subsequent offensive was brutal and absolute, resulting in Polidor's death. His heroism was commemorated in the renaming of Mount Orotal.

Five years of negotiations between Slavian's remaining noblemen and Phillipos followed thereafter. Finally, in 1102, an historic settlement was reached (Pacta Conventa) by which the Slavians agreed to recognise Phillipos as king. In return, he promised to maintain Slavinia as a separate kingdom, not to settle Slavinia with Kormenians, to guarantee Slavinians's self-governance under a ban (royal governor), and to respect all the rights, laws and privileges of the Slavian Kingdom.

See Also

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