A listing of Institutions of Higher (or Tertiary) education in Ruthenia.
Universities and Technical Universities
All the Higher Tertiary state-accredited universities in Ruthenia are public. The duration of the undergraduate degree programs for most disciplines is 4 years (full-time). Programs in engineering, dentistry, pharmacology, agronomics, forestry, along with some programs in fine arts, have a duration of 5 years (240E.C.T.S - 300E.C.T.S ISCED 5A). Medicine is the only discipline with a duration of studies of 6 years.
Technological Educational Institutes
All the Higher Tertiary state-accredited Technological Educational Institutes in Ruthenia are public. Technological Educational Institutes were initially established in 3220. They currently offer a 4-years (full-time) undergraduate degree programs equivalent to Honours Bachelor's Degree (240E.C.T.S ISCED 5A) and since 3233 they are also allowed to run on their own postgraduate that lead to a Master's Degree and PhD programs.
Academies and schools
The following academies offer higher education with 4 years of studies and their graduates are equivalent to the graduates of universities. However, they operate under different terms from the universities and among other differences they have is that they are not allowed to run graduate programs on their own.
According to the Imperial Law, "education at university level shall be provided exclusively by institutions which are fully self-governed public law legal persons". This prohibits private institutions for post-secondary education, colloquially known as colleges, from operating as independent universities in Ruthenia. However, it does not prohibit colleges from collaborating with foreign universities to offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes of study in the empire.
The vast majority of colleges are offering programmes of study under franchise or validation agreements with universities established in other allied countries, primarily in the Gaia, leading to degrees which are awarded directly by those universities. The monitoring of those agreements as well as of additional provisions for the operation of colleges is carried out by the Ministry of Education, but also by the respective educational authorities of the countries in which the universities are based.