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Imperial Supreme Court of Arendale
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Overview
Formed 14 February 3061
Juridicton Union of Arendale
Headquarters Cornville Palace Building Arendelle
Chief Justice Joshua Valiant
Union of Arendale
Arendale CoA.png

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Arendale


The Imperial Supreme Court is Arendale's highest court. It has the entire Union as its jurisdiction. It is a court of appeal, i.e. cases cannot be brought before the court if they are not tried in a district court and in most cases also in a regional court. Nevertheless, the Imperial Supreme Court has the prerogative to decide itself which cases of appeal it shall hear. This leads the court to hear cases of principal importance, where clarification is needed or where standards need to be set. Rulings set substantial precedence for the lower courts as well as for the Imperial Supreme Court itself.

Functions

The powers of the Imperial Supreme Court are defined in Article VIII of the Constitution of Arendale. These functions may be generally divided into two – judicial functions and administrative functions. The administrative functions of the Court pertain to the supervision and control over the Arendalean judiciary and its employees, as well as over members of the Arendalean Law bar. Pursuant to these functions, the Court is empowered to order a change of venue of trial in order to avoid a miscarriage of justice and to appoint all officials and employees of the judiciary. The Court is further authorized to promulgate the rules for admission to the practice of law, for legal assistance to the underprivileged, and the procedural rules to be observed in all courts.

The more prominent role of the Court is located in the exercise of its judicial functions. Section 1 of Article VIII contains definition of judicial power that had not been found in previous constitutions. The provision states in part that:

Judicial power includes the duty of courts of justice to settle actual controversies involving rights which are legally demandable and enforceable, and to determine whether or not there has been a grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction on the part of any branch or instrumentality of the government.

History

The Imperial Supreme Court was founded on 14 February 3061 by King Frederik Reinaldi III as a
SupremeCourt

The First Justices

replacement of King Christian IV's Court of Guidance. It was based at first in Kunwatch Castle later Cornville Palace, which was built in its place on the same site at Meliza Villa Auditorium, and originally consisted of 30 justices. From its foundation and until the adoption of the Constitution of Arendale, the Monarch of Arendale was the formal head of the Imperial Supreme Court but he only attended the first meeting each year and an office as justitiarius was therefore instituted as early as 3074.

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